All trends

The ruling elite

Lukashenka is hoping to cement the vertical power structure at the All-Belarusian Assembly; security forces carry out purges in residential areas in large cities targeting protesters

January 4 – January 10

2020: The state lost touch with society and resumed financial intervention in the public sector

January 4 – January 10

The Belarusian authorities aim to increase taxation as Lukashenka takes transfer of power off the table

December 14 – December 20

The authorities restrict assistance to the private sector and tighten foreign travel rules for Belarusians

December 7 – December 13

While Covid-19 brings the Belarusian healthcare system to the verge of collapse, the authorities increase repression against clerics to restrain religious organisations

November 30 – December 6

Loyalty to Lukashenka continues to erode as he doubles down on the use of force to curtail protests

November 23 – November 29

The authorities stake their future on the security forces, not on dialogue

November 16 – November 22

The authorities pin their hopes on constitutional reforms as public confidence in public institutions continues to crumble due to the actions of security forces

November 9 – November 15

The authorities continue to try to redefine the news agenda and augment repression with “political propaganda”

November 2 – November 8

Belarus’ strongman rotates senior security officials and postpones the All-Belarusian People’s Assembly

October 26 – November 1

The authorities have postponed constitutional reforms and continue to reshuffle the public sector

October 19 – October 25

The authorities are propelling constitutional reforms and resume state subsidies to the public sector

October 12 – October 18

Loyalty to Lukashenka becomes indispensable to the public sector employees amid promised state investments

October 5 – October 11

Constitutional reform planned amid a crackdown on dissent while the economy backslides into depression

September 28 – October 4

Despite purges in the media sector and unceasing pressure on the business community in Belarus, the exodus of public sector employees continues

September 21 – September 27

The Belarusian authorities continue to bolster the edifice of power, including through propping up employment in the public sector

September 14 – September 20

Lukashenka scrambles to secure the loyalty of public officials whilst security forces step up pressure on protest groups

September 7 – September 13

Popular support for public institutions continues to reduce whilst Lukashenka retains control over the edifice of power

August 31 – September 6

The authorities promote constitutional reform amid purges in the edifice of power

August 24 – August 30

The Belarusian authorities focused on demotivating the strike movement, whilst loyalty of the edifice of power, security and government officials remained under threat

August 17 – August 23

Senior administration officials remain loyal to Lukashenka; however, unity is fraying, and cracks are appearing in the edifice of power

August 10 – August 16

The incumbent president has promised five years without economic reforms and reiterated a promise of a constitutional reform

August 3 – August 9

Enhanced electoral populism further deteriorates the state of public finances

July 27 – August 2

The National Bank somewhat loses its positions as the president makes attempts to revive the economy

July 20 – July 26

The Belarusian authorities reiterate the referendum issue; the state aims to task private banks with aiding the public sector

July 13 – July 19

The state has promised enhanced support for the public sector and simultaneously increased pressure on the private sector and the media

July 6 – July 12

Authorities mount repressions leading to further backsliding in terms of human rights and political freedoms

June 29 – July 5

The Belarusian authorities turn a blind eye to the people’s needs and start pumping money into the economy

June 22 – June 28

The president went off on banks and entrepreneurs; authorities encourage optimism in the public sector

June 15 – June 21

New Belarusian government will focus on supporting the public sector; law enforcers target private business

June 8 – June 14

Government reshuffle: security forces enhance their role in the economy

June 1 – June 7

The President is strengthening the state’s role in the economy aspiring for loyalty among public sector employees

May 25 – May 31

The Belarusian authorities have somewhat strengthened public support for vulnerable groups

May 18 – May 24

The President will strengthen support for the public sector, including pay rises for its employees before the elections

May 11 – May 17

The state will focus on supporting the public sector of the economy, providing minimal assistance to the private sector

April 27 – May 3

Сonfusion is growing among the ruling elite; authorities bolster censorship

April 20 – April 26

The Belarusian authorities continue preparations for the presidential elections; the state further pursues controversial policies in addressing the coronavirus pandemic

April 13 – April 19